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Chicago Style (Author/Date)

Book with Single Author or Editor

Invert the name in the reference list.  For the in-text citation, include only the last name, and publication year, also include page number to cite a specific passage.

Last name, First name.  Publication year.  Book title.  Place of publication: Publisher.

Cite in text: (Last name Publication year, Page number)

For a book with an editor, include the abbreviated ed. (or eds. for more than one editor).

Last name, First name, ed.  Publication year.  Book title.  Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Gladwell, Malcolm.  2000.  The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference.  Boston: Little, Brown.

Cite in text: (Gladwell 2000, 48-50)

Book with Multiple Authors

Only the first-listed name is inverted.  For the in-text citation, include only the last name of the first listed author, followed by et al.

Last name, First name and First name Last name.  Publication year.  Book title.  Place of publication: Publisher.

  • Cite in text: (Last name and Last name, Publication year, page number)
  • Cite in text: (Last name et al. Publication year, 46-52) *Use et al. for four or more authors

Examples:

Powell, Colin L., and Tony Koltz.  2012.  It Worked for Me; In Life and Leadership.  New York: Harper.

Cite in text: (Powell and Koltz, 2018, 101-103)


Zhao, Ziyang, Pu Bao, Renee Chiang, Adi Ignatius, and Roderick McFarquhar.  2009.  Prisoner of the State.  New York: Simon & Schuster.

Cite in text: (Zhao et al. 2009, 84-87)

Chapter in an Edited Book

Include the chapter author; the chapter title, in quotation makes; and the editor.

Last name, First name.  Publication year.  “Chapter title.”  In Book title, edited by First name Last name Page, Number.  Publication place: Publisher.

Example:

Sawhney, Mohanbir.  2005.  “Branding in Technology Markets.”  In Kellogg on Branding: The Marketing Faculty of the Kellogg School of Managemant, edited by Alice M. Tybout and Tim Calkins.  Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Cite in text: (Sawhney 2005, 25-28)

E-book

Word order and punctuation are the same as book in print.  Include URL at the end.  If no fixed page numbers are available, include a section title, a chapter or other number in your in-text citation.

Last name, First name.  Publication year.  Book title.  Place of publication: Publisher.  URL.

Example:

Nettle, Daniel.  2005.  Happiness: The Scene Behind Your Smile.  New York: Oxford University Press.  http://site.ebrary.com/lib/lynn/reader.action?docID=10254511.

Cite in text: (Nettle 2005, 122-125)

Book with No Author

If you cannot identify authorship, list by title in a reference list.  In the text, a short version of the title (up to four words) can be used.

Example:

Extremist Groups: Information for Students.  2006.  Detroit: Thomson Gale.

Cite in text: (Extremist Groups, 2006)

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