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DJCG-300 The Nuremberg Trials



The International Military Tribunal was opened on October 18, 1945, in the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg. The first session was presided over by the Soviet judge, Nikitchenko. The prosecution entered indictments against 24 major war criminals and six criminal organizations – the leadership of the Nazi party, the Schutzstaffel (SS) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the Gestapo, the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the High Command of the German armed forces (OKW).

The indictments were for:

  1. Participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of crime against peace
  2. Planning, initiating and waging wars of aggression and other crimes against peace
  3. War crimes
  4. Crimes against humanity

The 24 accused were:

"I" indicted      "G" indicted and found guilty      "O" Not Charged

Name   Count Penalty     Notes
  1     2     3     4        
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R14128A, Martin Bormann.jpg
I O G G Death Successor to Hess as Nazi Party Secretary. Sentenced to death in absentia. Remains found in 1972 and dated to 1945.[6]
Karl Dönitz.jpg
I G G O 10 years Leader of the Kriegsmarine from 1943, succeeded Raeder. Initiator of the U-boat campaign. Became President of Germany following Hitler's death.[7] In evidence presented at the trial of Karl Dönitz on his orders to the U-boat fleet to breach the London Rules, Admiral Chester Nimitz stated that unrestricted submarine warfare was carried on in the Pacific Ocean by the United States from the first day that nation entered the war. Dönitz was found guilty of breaching the 1936 Second London Naval Treaty, but his sentence was not assessed on the ground of his breaches of the international law of submarine warfare.[8]
I O G G Death Reich Law Leader 1933–1945 and Governor-General of the General Government in occupied Poland 1939–1945. Expressed repentance.[9]
Wilhelm Frick 72-919.jpg
I G G G Death Hitler's Minister of the Interior 1933–1943 and Reich Protector of Bohemia-Moravia 1943–1945. Authored the Nuremberg Race Laws.[10]
Hans Fritzsche12.jpg
I I I O Acquitted Popular radio commentator, and head of the news division of the Nazi Propaganda Ministry. Tried in place of Joseph Goebbels.[11]
I G G G Life Imprisonment Hitler's Minister of Economics. Succeeded Schacht as head of the Reichsbank. Released due to ill health on 16 May 1957.[12] Died 31 May 1960.
G G G G Death Reichsmarschall, Commander of the Luftwaffe 1935–1945, Chief of the 4-Year Plan 1936–1945, and several departments of the SS. Second only to Hitler in the Nazi hierarchy during the last years of the war. Committed suicide the night before his execution.[13]
Rudolf hess portrait.jpg
G G I I Life Imprisonment Hitler's deputy, flew to Scotland in 1941 in attempt to broker peace with Great Britain. After trial, committed to Spandau Prison; died in 1987.[14]
Alfred Jodl USA-E-Ardennes-2.jpg
G G G G Death Wehrmacht Generaloberst, Keitel's subordinate and Chief of the OKW's Operations Division 1938–1945. Subsequently exonerated by German court in 1953, though the exoneration was later overturned, largely as a result of pressure by American officials.[15]
I O G G Death Highest surviving SS-leader. Chief of RSHA 1943–45, the central Nazi intelligence organ. Also commanded many of the Einsatzgruppen and several concentration camps.[16]
Keitel Court.jpg
G G G G Death Head of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) 1938–1945.[17]
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12331, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach.jpg
I I I   ---- Major Nazi industrialist. C.E.O of Krupp A.G 1912–45. Medically unfit for trial {died January 16, 1950}. The prosecutors attempted to substitute his son Alfried (who ran Krupp for his father during most of the war) in the indictment, but the judges rejected this as being too close to trial. Alfried was tried in a separate Nuremberg trial for his use of slave labor, thus escaping the worst notoriety and possibly death.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2008-0922-501, Robert Ley.jpg
I I I I ---- Head of DAF, The German Labour Front. Suicide on 25 October 1945, before the trial began.
Konstantin von Neurath crop.jpg
G G G G 15 years Minister of Foreign Affairs 1932–1938, succeeded by Ribbentrop. Later, Protector of Bohemia and Moravia 1939–43. Resigned in 1943 due to dispute with Hitler. Released (ill health) 6 November 1954[18] after having a heart attack. Died 14 August 1956.
I I O O Acquitted Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and Vice-Chancellor under Hitler in 1933–1934. Ambassador to Austria 1934–38 and ambassador to Turkey 1939–1944. Although acquitted at Nuremberg, von Papen was reclassified as a war criminal in 1947 by a German de-Nazification court, and sentenced to eight years' hard labour. He was acquitted following appeal after serving two years.[19]
Erich Raeder.jpg
G G G O Life Imprisonment Commander In Chief of the Kriegsmarine from 1928 until his retirement in 1943, succeeded by Dönitz. Released (ill health) 26 September 1955.[20] Died 6 November 1960.
G G G G Death Ambassador-Plenipotentiary 1935–1936. Ambassador to the United Kingdom 1936–1938. Nazi Minister of Foreign Affairs 1938–1945,[21]
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1985-0723-500, Alfred Rosenberg.jpg
G G G G Death Racial theory ideologist. Later, Minister of the Eastern Occupied Territories 1941–1945.[22]
Fritz Sauckel.jpg
I I G G Death Gauleiter of Thuringia 1927–1945. Plenipotentiary of the Nazi slave labor program 1942–1945.[23]
Hjalmar Schacht.jpg
I I O O Acquitted Prominent banker and economist. Pre-war president of the Reichsbank 1923–1930 & 1933–1938 and Economics Minister 1934–1937. Admitted to violating the Treaty of Versailles.[24]
Baldur von Schirach.jpg
I O O G 20 years Head of the Hitlerjugend from 1933 to 1940, Gauleiter of Vienna 1940–1943. Expressed repentance.[25]
Inquart crop.jpg
I G G G Death Instrumental in the Anschluss and briefly Austrian Chancellor 1938. Deputy to Frank in Poland 1939–1940. Later, Reich Commissioner of the occupied Netherlands 1940–1945. Expressed repentance.[26]
I I G G 20 Years Hitler's favorite architect and close friend, and Minister of Armaments from 1942. In this capacity, he was ultimately responsible for the use of slave laborers from the occupied territories in armaments production. Expressed repentance.[27]
Julius Streicher 72-920 crop.jpg
I O O G Death Gauleiter of Franconia 1922–1940. Publisher of the weekly newspaper, Der Stürmer.[28]

"I" indicted      "G" indicted and found guilty      "O" Not Charged

SOURCE:  Wikipedia

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