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CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style Guide

Citing Electronic Resources

Electronic resources are cited as print with the URL and/or DOI, digital object identifier, added to the citation.

Online Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The example below refers to an online journal article with a DOI (digital object identifier).
Follow the journal title with the medium designator [Internet], the date you retrieved the article, the URL where it is located, and the DOI.  Do not list any other type of document ID number, unless it states it is a DOI.


For the titles of journals, abbreviate the significant words, and leave out other words such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. Leave out subtitles.
For Example:
The Journal of Biocommunication = J Biocommun.
JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association = JAMA
Virology = Virology
General Format
In-Text Citation:
(Author date)
Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Article title. Journal title. [Internet]. [cited year Mmm dd]; Volume (Issue): Page Numbers. Available from:
URL doi:


In-Text Citation:
(Yencho et al. 2008)
Reference List:

Yencho GC, McCord PH, Haynes KG. 2008. Internal heat necrosis of potato - a review. Am J Potato Res [Internet]. [cited 2011 Jan 18]; 85(1): 69-76. Available from:  doi: 10.1007/s12230-008-9008-4