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CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style Guide

Citing Electronic Resources

Electronic resources are cited as print with the URL and/or DOI, digital object identifier, added to the citation.

Online Article with No DOI

The example below refers to an online journal article with No DOI (digital object identifier).
Follow the journal title with the medium designator [Internet], the date you retrieved the article, and the URL where it is located.


For the titles of journals, abbreviate the significant words, and leave out other words such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. Leave out subtitles.
For Example:
The Journal of Biocommunication = J Biocommun.
JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association = JAMA
Virology = Virology
For a list of journal title abbreviations, see the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE.
General Format
In-Text Citation:
(Author date)
Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Article title. Journal title. [Internet]. [cited year Mmm dd]; Volume (Issue): Page Numbers. Available from:
In-Text Citation:
(Mathieson et al. 2002)
Reference List:

Mathieson DM, Bailey N, Gurevich M. 2002. Health care services for lesbian and bisexual women: some Canadian data. Health Care Women Int [Internet]. [cited 2011 Jan 20]; 23(2): 185-196. Available from: