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Definition of "Gender Equality"

"The fifth goal addresses discrimination and violence against women and girls. Its targets identify:

  • child marriage & forced marriage,
  • female genital mutilation (FGM),
  • limited access to reproductive health care, and
  • systems dependent on unpaid female labor as threats unique to girls and women. 
  • SDG5 also aspires to cultivate women's economic independence and increase their participation in politics and public life." 
  • eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls including trafficking, sexual and other types of exploitation.

UN Sustainable Development Goals. (2023). In Gale Global Issues Online Collection. Gale. URL

Taylor and Francis. (n.d.). SDG online: Goal 4: Quality education. URL

Helpful UN links for SDG #5 Gender Equality

To cite figures from the "Tracker" link -- Step #1: click the "share" button on the figure (bottom right). Step #2: copy the link. Step #3: paste it into a browser and open it. Step #4: cite that website as the source of the figure. Note. Use the "updated on" date as the date of publication in your citation.

Suggested search terms for Goal #5 Gender Equality

These keywords are SOME of the terms that will help you research this goal. Use these in the main search box on the library homepage, library databases, and Google. Try combining them for the best search.

Develop your own key terms as you read about your topic and solution.

Note: Put quotation marks around phrases when you search (ie "battered child syndrome")


agrarian feminism
antiwomen OR anti-women 
contraceptive behavior or behavior
divorce rights
domestic violence OR women AND violence OR girl* AND violence OR sexual violence 
employment equity
family planning services
female entrepreneurship OR female ownership OR women's economic development
female exploitation
female genital mutilation OR female genital cutting 
female infanticide
female labor force participation OR female labour force participation OR women labor force participation OR women labour force participation OR womens' employment OR female employment OR women's unemployment OR female unemployment
female managers OR women in leadership OR female leadership
female political participation
female politician OR female leader 
female smallholder
forced marriage OR child marriage 
gender discrimination
gender disparities
gender gap
gender inequality or gender equality
gender injustice
gender mainstreaming
gender segregation
gender wage gap
gender-based violence
gender-responsive budgeting
honour killing OR honor killing 
household equity
human trafficking OR forced prostitution
intra-household allocation
occupational segregation
reproductive healthcare
reproductive rights
sexual rights 
unpaid care work
unpaid work
women's autonomy
women's empowerment OR girls' empowerment OR female empowerment
women's livelihood
women's ownership
women's political participation OR female political participation
women's power
women's rights
women's underrepresentation


For more about the key terms, see the Elsevier 2019 Scopus queries.