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Definition of "Affordable & Clean Energy"

The seventh goal is to "ensure universal access to affordable and clean energy:

  • increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
  • enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology
  • expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries"

Taylor and Francis. (n.d.). SDG online: Goal 7: Affordable and clean energyURL


Helpful UN links for SDG #7 Affordable & Clean Energy

To cite figures from the "Tracker" link -- Step #1: click the "share" button on the figure (bottom right). Step #2: copy the link. Step #3: paste it into a browser and open it. Step #4: cite that website as the source of the figure. Note. Use the "updated on" date as the date of publication in your citation.

Suggested search terms for Goal #7: Affordable & Clean Energy

These keywords are SOME of the terms that will help you research this goal. Use these in the main search box on the library homepage, library databases, and Google. Try combining them for the best search.

Develop your own key terms as you read about your topic and solution.

Note: Put quotation marks around phrases when you search (ie "extreme poverty")

Key terms:

2000-Watt society
affordable electricity 
clean fuel OR clean cooking fuel
electricity consumption
energy access
energy conservation
energy efficiency OR energy consumption OR energy transition OR clean energy technology OR 
energy equity OR energy justice OR energy poverty 
energy governance
energy ladder 
energy policy 
energy security 
foreign development aid AND renewable energy
fuel poverty
fuel switching
heat network OR district heat OR district heating 
hybrid renewable energy system 
life-cycle assessment OR life cycle assessment 
lithium-ion batteries OR lithium-ion battery 
low-carbon society
official development assistance AND electricity
official development assistance AND energy development 
photochemistry AND renewable energy 
photovoltaic OR photocatalytic water splitting OR hydrogen production OR water splitting 
reliable electricity
renewable energy
residential energy consumption OR domestic energy consumption 
rural electrification 
smart micro-grid OR smart grid OR smart microgrid OR smart micro-grids OR smart grids OR smart microgrids OR smart meter OR smart meters



For more about the key terms, see the Elsevier 2019 Scopus queries.