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Definition of "Life Below Water"

"The fourteenth goal concerns the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and the protection of marine life. SDG14 recognizes the environmental impacts of:

  • plastic pollution,
  • ocean warming,
  • eutrophication (dense plant growth leading to a lack of oxygen that kills marine life),
  • acidification (process in which carbon dioxide causes ocean to become more acidic, threating marine life), and
  • overfishing" and illegal, unreported and destructive fishing practices.

UN Sustainable Development Goals. (2023). In Gale Global Issues Online Collection. Gale. URL 

Helpful UN links for SDG #14 Life Below Water

To cite figures from the "Tracker" link -- Step #1: click the "share" button on the figure (bottom right). Step #2: copy the link. Step #3: paste it into a browser and open it. Step #4: cite that website as the source of the figure. Note. Use the "updated on" date as the date of publication in your citation.

Suggested search terms for Goal #14 Life Below Water

These keywords are SOME of the terms that will help you research this goal. Use these in the main search box on the library homepage, library databases, and Google. Try combining them for the best search.

Develop your own key terms as you read about your topic and solution.

Note: Put quotation marks around phrases when you search (ie "extreme poverty")

Key terms:

acidification AND seawater

artisanal fishers  

biogeochemical cycle

cal bleach  OR cal bleaching  

coastal ecotourism  

coastal habitat

coastal management

community based conservation OR community-based conservation  

destructive fishing  


fisheries rights  

fishery OR fisheries  OR overfishing

local fisheries  


marine debris  

marine economy  

marine land slide  

marine policy

marine pollution OR nutrient runoff  

marine protected area OR marine conservation

ocean acidification  

ocean sea coast*

oceanic circulation model  OR oceanic circulation modelling

small Island development states  

species richness  

sustainable yield  

traditional ecological knowledge  

water cycle



For more about the key terms, see the Elsevier 2019 Scopus queries.

Search String

SDG 14 

( ( marine OR ocean OR oceans OR sea OR seas OR coast* OR mangrove ) AND ( {w ater cycle} OR {water cycles} OR {biogeochemical cycle} OR {biogeochemical cycles} OR {oceanic circulation model} OR {oceanic circulation models} OR {oceanic circulation modelling} OR {oceanic circulation modeling} OR {iceocean} OR eutrophicat* OR marine OR {coral bleach} OR {coral bleaching} OR {coastal management} OR {coastal habitat} OR {coastal habitats} OR {marine debris} OR {ocean acidification} OR ( acidification AND seawater ) OR {fishery} OR {fisheries} OR {overfishing} O 2 R {sustainable yield} OR {marine protected area} OR {marine protected areas} OR {marine conservation} OR {ecotourism} OR {community based conservation} OR {community-based conservation} OR {marine land slide} OR {marine pollution} OR {nutrient runoff} OR {coastal ecotourism} OR {destructive fishing} OR {local fisheries} OR {artisanal fishers} OR {fisheries rights} OR {species richness} OR {traditional ecological knowledge} OR {small Island development states} OR {marine quota} OR {marine economy} OR {marine policy} ) AND NOT ( {paleoclimate} OR {paleoceanography} OR {radiocarbon} OR {genetics} OR {medicine} OR {drug} OR {engineering} OR {aerosol} ) ) AND PUBYEAR < 2023 AND PUBYEAR > 2012