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APA Style

APA 7 Adoption

Starting in Fall 2020, Lynn University changed from using APA 6 to APA 7.

Learn more here: What's New in APA 7th Edition

APA Paper Templates

The majority of lower-level classes at Lynn use the APA Student Paper Format. Please confirm with your instructor if you should use the APA Student Paper or APA Professional Paper for your class.

These templates, in both Word and Pages format, have correct margins, page numbers, font style and size, and hanging indents. Includes format examples in the References page.

 

Please confirm with your instructor if you should use the APA Student Paper or APA Professional Paper for your class.

These templates, in both Word and Pages format, have correct margins, running head, page numbers, font style and size, and hanging indents. Includes format examples in the References page.

Formatting Your Paper

Example Student Title Page

Student papers do not include a running head unless requested by the instructor or institution. The student title page includes the following:

Paper Title

Place the title three to four lines down from the top of the title page. Center it and type it in bold font. Capitalize major words of the title. Place the main title and any subtitle on separate double-spaced lines if desired. There is no maximum length for titles; however, keep titles focused and include key terms.

Author Name(s)

Place one double-spaced blank line between the paper title and the author names; center author names on their own line. If there are two authors, use the word “and” between authors; if there are three or more authors, place a comma between author names and use the word “and” before the final author name.

Author affiliation

For a student paper, the affiliation is the institution where the student attends school. Include both the name of any department and the name of the college, university, or other institution, separated by a comma. Center the affiliation on the next double-spaced line after the author's name(s).

Course Number and name

Provide the course number as shown on instructional materials, followed by a colon and the course name. Center the course number and name on the next double-spaced line after the author's affiliation.

Instructor name

Provide the name of the instructor for the course using the format shown on instructional materials. Center the instructor's name on the next double-spaced line after the course number and name.

Assignment due date

Provide the due date for the assignment. Center the due date on the next double-spaced line after the instructor's name. Use the date format commonly used in your country.

Page Number (upper right header)

Use the page number 1 on the title page. Use the automatic page-numbering function of your word processing program to insert page numbers in the top right corner of the page header.

Image Example of a Student Title Page

Example of the Title page of an APA Manuscript

Image Source: Student Style Page Guide

General APA Guidelines for formatting your research paper

  • Use Calibri 11-point font, unless your professor requires a different font (such as Times New Roman 12 pt). Learn about all permitted fonts.
  • Double-space between each line of type on the page. Double-space between all lines of the manuscript.
  • Never use single-spacing or one-and-a-half spacing.
  • Leave uniform margines of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm) at the top, bottom, left and right of every page.
  • Do not justify lines.  Use the flush left style and leave the right margin uneven.
  • The order of the manuscript pages are:
    • Page 1: title page with running head, title, byline, institutional affiliation and Author Note (if applicable)
    • Page 2: abstract (if required by instructor, start on a separate page, numbered page 2)
    • Page 3: text (start on a separate page, numbered page 3)
    • References (start on a separate page)
    • Footnotes (start on a separate page)
    • Tables (start on a separate page)
    • Figures (start each on a separate page; include caption on page with figure)
    • Appendixes (start on a separate page)

Learn more about APA Headings (OWL at Purdue)

In-Text Citations

APA Style In-text Citations Guidelines

It is essential, in scholarly writing, to acknowledge the work of others. Readers need to understand how you are building on, examining, and engaging with the work that has come before you.

Paraphrasing

Page or paragraph numbers are not required for a paraphrase, but you may include one with the author and year. A paraphrase can continue for several sentences; cite the work after the first mention. You do not need to cite it again as long as it is clear in the context of your writing that the same work is continuing to be cited. However, do cite it again if: 

  • paraphrase continues to a new paragraph
  • paraphrase incorporates multiple sources or switches among sources

Principles of Direct Quotation

Provide the author, year, and page number of the quotation in the in-text citation in either the parenthetical or narrative format. 

Examples of how to provide page numbers
Single Page Multiple Pages Without Page Numbers

(Author, Year, page number)

p. 52, p. S52, p. e343

(Author, Year, Pages)

Continuous pages:  pp. 56-57

Discontinuous pages: pp. 34, 64

If there are no page numbers find another way to locate the quote. 

  • Heading or Section Name: 

(​Smith, 2020, Investments section).

If abbreviating the section heading because it is too long, put it in quotes 

(Jones, 2019, "What is the most" Section). 

  • Paragraph number (count manually if not numbered)

(Williams, 2018, para. 3)

  • Heading or section in combination with paragraph number. 

(Brown, 2020, Seizure section, para. 5). 

 

Short Quotations (Fewer than 40 Words)

  • Incorporate it into your own text
  • Enclose in double quotation marks

Block Quotations (40 Words or More)

  • Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation.
  • Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin.
  • Double-space the entire block quotation.
  • Do not add extra space before or after it.
  • If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each subsequent paragraph an additional 0.5 in. See an example in Section 8.27 of the Publication Manual.
  • Either (a) cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation or (b) cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation.
  • Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case.

An example of a blockquote with the in-text citation: 

Education is not properly an industry, and its proper use is not to serve industries, either by job-training or by industry-subsidized research. It’s proper use is to enable citizens to live lives that are economically, politically, socially, and culturally responsible. This cannot be done by gathering or “accessing” what we now call “information” – which is to say facts without context and therefore without priority. A proper education enables young people to put their lives in order, which means knowing what things are more important than other things; it means putting first things first. (Berry, 2002, XXVI)

The reference page would list this as the source: 

Berry, W. (2002). Thoughts in the presence of fear. Catholic New Times, 26(16), 10–11.