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APA Style

Authored or edited book with a DOI

Author(s). (Year). Title of book in italics. Publisher. DOI


Bowen, J. (2017). Religions in practice: An approach to the anthroplogy of religion. Routledge.

In-text citation: (Bowen, 2017)

Authored book without a DOI, from most academic research databases or print

Author(s). (Year). Title of book in italics. Publisher.


Petrossian, G. A. (2019). The last fish swimming: The global crime of illegal fishing. ABC-CLIO.

In-text citation: (Petrossian, 2019)

Diagnostic Manual (DSM-5)

Entire DSM 5

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). 

In-text citation with abbreviation included: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). 

Subsequent  citations: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

  • Omit publisher from the source element if publisher is the same as author
  • For more information about citing Diagnostic manuals, see the Publication Manual of the APA section 10.32 or the example on their website. 

Entry in the DSM 5

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Entry term. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

In-text citation: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Religious & Classics

The Bhagavad Gita. (E. Easwaran, Trans.; 2nd ed.). (2007). The Blue Mountain Center of Meditation.

In-text citations: (The Bhagavad Gita, 2007)

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. (Original work published 1769)

In-text citations: (King James Bible, 1769/2017)

The Koran interpreted: A translation. (A.J. Arberry, Trans.). (1996). Simon & Schuster. 

In-text citations: (The Koran interpreted, 1996)

Coogan, M., Brettler, M., & Newsom, C. (Eds.). (2010). New oxford annotated bible with apocrypha : New revised standard version. Oxford.

In-text citations: (Coogan et al., 2010)


For additional information on citing religious works see The Publication Manual of APA, Section 10.35 or the APA Blog

Chapter in an edited book with a DOI

Author(s). (Year). Title of chapter. In Editor (Ed.), Title of book in italics, (edition, pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI


Abbott, A.C. (2019). Child and adolescent assessment strategy and inventories. In L. Sperry (Ed.), Couple and family assessment: Contemporary and cutting-edge strategies (3rd ed., pp. 181-214). Routledge.

In-text citation: (Abbott, 2019)

For additional examples see the

Entry in a dictionary, thesaurus, or encyclopedia

Group Author

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Interjection. In dictionary. Retrieved March 3, 2020, from

In-text citations: (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)

When an online reference work is continuously updated, use "n.d." as the year of publication and include a retrieval date. 

Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. (2018). Top 10 pro & con arguments: Should prostitution be legal?

In-text citations: (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2018). 

Individual Author

Thakchoe, S. (2016). The theory of two truths in Tibet. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. (Summer 2019 ed.). Stanford University.