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Book by individual author(s)

Author(s). (Year). Title of book in italics. Publisher. DOI

Example ONE author:

Bowen, J. (2017). Religions in practice: An approach to the anthropology of religion. Routledge.

  • In-text paraphrase: (Bowen, 2017).
  • In-text quote: (Bowen, 2017, p. 45).

Example TWO authors:

Chaney, L. H., & Martin, J. S. (2004). Intercultural business communication (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall.

  • In-text paraphrase: (Chaney & Martin, 2004).
  • In-text quote: (Chaney & Martin, 2004, p. 42).

Example THREE or more authors:

Correia, C. J., Murphy, J. G., & Barnett, N. P. (2012). College student alcohol abuse: A guide to assessment, intervention, and prevention. John Wiley & Sons. 

  • In-text paraphrase: (Correia et al., 2012).
  • In-text quote: (Correira et al., 2012, p. 32).


Edited book

Author(s), (Eds.). (Year). Title of book in italics. Publisher. DOI


Alberti, J., & Miller, P. A. (Eds.). (2018). Transforming Harry: The adaptation of Harry Potter in the transmedia age. Wayne State University Press.

  • In-text paraphrase: (Alberti & Miller, 2018).
  • In-text quote: (Alberti & Miller, 2018, p. 41).


Chapter in an edited book (different authors for each chapter)

Author(s). (Year). Title of chapter. In Editor (Ed.), Title of book in italics, (edition, pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI


Abbott, A.C. (2019). Child and adolescent assessment strategy and inventories. In L. Sperry (Ed.), Couple and family assessment: Contemporary and cutting-edge strategies (3rd ed., pp. 181-214). Routledge.

  • In-text paraphrase: (Abbott, 2019).
  • In-text quote: (Abbott, 2019, p. 185).

Note. If you use one chapter in a book that has an author (i.e. is not edited), cite the entire book in your reference list.


Book by author(s) WITH a translator or editor

Author. (Date). Title in italics (Editor/translator Name, Ed. & Trans.). Publisher. (Original work published Year)


Example with and editor and translator:

Freud, S. (2010). Civilization and its discontents (J. Strachey, Ed. & Trans.). W. W. Norton & Company. (Original work published 1930)

  • In-text paraphrase: (Freud, 1930/2010).
  • In-text quote: (Freud, 1930/2010, p. 32).


The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)

Example entire DSM-5:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). 

  • in-text paraphrase: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
  • in-text quote: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 32).

Example entire DSM-5-TR:

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed., text rev.).

  • in-text paraphrase: (American Psychiatric Association, 2022).
  • in-text quote: (American Psychiatric Association, 2022, p. 32).

Example entry in the DSM-5:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Anxiety disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). 

  • In-text paraphrase: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
  • in-text quote: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 189).

Note. Because the author and the publisher are the same, the Publisher is omitted. 
For more information about citing Diagnostic Manuals, see the Publication Manual of the APA section 10.32 or the Diagnostic Manual references examples on their website.


Religious & historical texts

Note. For in-text citations for a quote, cite a chapter or verse in the text using canonical numbering rather than page numbers



The Bhagavad Gita. (E. Easwaran, Trans.; 2nd ed.). (2007). The Blue Mountain Center of Meditation.

  • In-text paraphrase: (The Bhagavad Gita, 2007).

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. (Original work published 1769)

  • In-text paraphrase: (King James Bible, 1769/2017).
  • In-text quote: (King James Bible, 1769/2017, Song of Solomon 8:6).

The Koran interpreted: A translation. (A.J. Arberry, Trans.). (1996). Simon & Schuster. 

  • In-text paraphrase: (The Koran interpreted, 1996).
  • In-text quote: (The Koran interpreted, 1996, p. 32).

Note. For additional information on citing religious works, see The Publication Manual of APA, Section 10.35 or the APA Blog.