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APA Style

Tweet

Name of Account [@twitterhandle]. (Year, Month Day). Full tweet in italics [Tweet]. Twitter. URL

Examples:

National Hurricane Center [@NHC_Atlantic]. (2020, June 23). Tropical storm #Dolly advisory 6: Dolly beginning to move away from the gulf stream current. Forecast to become a remnant low on Wednesday. go.usa.gov/W3H [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/NHC_Atlantic/status/1275527565914984449?s=20

In-text citation: (National Hurricane Center, 2020)

The New York Times [@nytimes]. (2018, December 20). The tobacco gaint Altria has agreed to pay nearly $14 billion for a 35% stake in Juul Labs, the wildly popular vaping company. Public health advocates criticized the union [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/nytimes/status/1075734828522315778?s=20

In-text citation: (The New York Times, 2018)

SAP [@SAP]. (2020, June 29). SAP stands by our commitment to support social justice and quality. Today we join #StopHateForProfit in sending a powerful message. See how we're working to drive meaningful change: sap.to/6017GPuzZ [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/SAP/status/1277742518222888960?s=20

In-text citation: (SAP, 2020)

  • If a tweet includes attachments including gifs, videos, thumbnail links to outside sources, links to other tweets (retweets), or a poll indicate that in [square brackets] after the text of the tweet.
  • Replicate emojis if possible. If you are unable to replicate an emoji, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, [face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicode Consortium's website.

Instagram Post

Name of Account [@instragramhandle]. (Year, Month Day). Full post in italics [Photograph or Video]. Instagram. URL

Examples:

Kendi, I. X. [@ibramxk]. (2019, October 17). When giants fall, we all hear it. Congressman #ElijahCummings rest, please rest. We will continue your fight - the fight - and we will win and you will be proud [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B3uLa6EHzcI/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link

In-text citation: (Kendi, 2019)

NPR [@npr]. (2020, May 8). Happy Friday, ya'll. On 'It's Been a Minute," host @samsanders asks listener to share the best parts of their week - and they do. So here are highlights from couple of week's worth of "best things" to make you smile. Check out the podcast at npr.org/itsbeenaminue. [Video]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B_8ISrFgWtP/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link

In-text citation: (NPR, 2020) 

Facebook Post

Name of Account. (Year, Month Day). Full post in italics [Description of Attachment and/or Status Update] Facebook. URL

Examples:

Lynn University Library. (2020, April 30). Then-Vice President George Bush was the guest at a Republican Party fundraiser on May 8, 1983, at the Lynn Student Center at The College of Boca Raton (now Lynn University). #tbt [Photograph] [Status Update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/lynnulibrary/posts/2847855201917946

In-text citation: (Lynn University Library, 2020)

World Health Organization. (2020, July 8). There are several ways to reduce your risk of COVID-19 [Infographic]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/WHO/posts/3309565872422106

In-text citation: (World Health Organization, 2020)

White, B. (2018, February 14). The story of how zoos have evolved over the years to become great contributors to conservation and wildlife is so dear to my heart! Please check out‪ zoostory.org‬ to learn about a project I’m thrilled to be a part of! [Video]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/bettymwhite/videos/2046355552313115/

In-text citation: (White, 2018)

  • This is the general format for social media posts including Tumblr, LinkedIn, etc.
  • Describe the post type (e.g., “[Status update],” “[Video]”) in square brackets after any description of attached content.
  • Replicate emojis if possible. If you are unable to replicate an emoji, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, [face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicode Consortium's website.

Facebook Page

Name of Account. (n.d.). Page title in italics [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL

Example:

National Gallery of Art. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved July 7, 2020, from https://www.facebook.com/nationalgalleryofart

In-text citation: (National Gallery of Art, n.d.)

  • Use the page title in the reference: Home, Timeline, Photos, About
  • Include the notation [Facebook page] in [square brackets]
  • This format can be used for profile pages from different sources -YouTube, Tumblr, LinkedIn, etc.

TikTok Videos

Account name [@TikTokhandle]. (Year, Month Day {of upload}). First 20 words of the caption in italics [Video]. TikTok. URL.

In-text citation: (Account name, Year).

 

Examples:

Amtrak [@amtrak]. (2022, February 25). When your coach seats are better than most airlines’ business class. #Amtok # Coach #Travel [Video]. TikTok. https://www.tiktok.com/@amtrak/video/7068676159533223214?is_copy_url=1&is_from_webapp=v1 

In-text citation: (Amtrak, 2022).

 

StarTalk [@neildegrassetyson]. (2021, November 18). Lunar eclipse: [waving hand emoji] [grinning face with smiling eyes emoji] Neil: [sleeping face emoji] #lunareclipse #science [Video]. TikTok. https://www.tiktok.com/@neildegrassetyson/video/7032035100107738415?is_copy_url=1&is_from_webapp=v1&lang=en 

In-text citation: (StarTalk, 2021). 

 

General points:

  • Cite TikTok Live videos as personal communications because they are not archived.
  • Provide the first 20 words of the caption as the title. Count a URL or other link, a hashtag, or an emoji as one word each, and include them in the reference if they fall within the first 20 words. Do not italicize emojis.
  • Do not alter spelling and capitalization.
  • Retain hashtags and emojis (when possible). If you are unable to replicate an emoji, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, [face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicode Consortium's website.

 

TikTok Profiles

Account name [@TikTokshandle]. (n.d.). First 20 words of the description [TikTok profile]. Retrieved Month, day, year, from URL.

In-text citation: (Account name, n.d.)

 

Examples:

Hamill, M. [@hamillhimself]. (n.d.). Kick back, relax & aim low: You’ll never be disappointed …[winking face with tongue emoji] [TikTok profile]. TikTok. Retrieved August 8, 2022, from https://www.tiktok.com/@hamillhimself?lang=en 

In-text citation: (Hamill, n.d.).

 

Forbes [@forbes]. (n.d.). Official TikTok of Forbes, the world’s leading voice for entrepreneurial Success www.forbes.com/stories/collection [TikTok profile]. TikTok. Retrieved August 8, 2022, from https://www.tiktok.com/@forbes 

In-text citation: (Forbes, n.d.). 

 

General points:

  • Provide the first 20 words of the description as the title. 
  • If the profile page has no description in the bio, include only the bracketed description “[TikTok profile]” in the title element of the reference.
  • Provide a retrieval date because the content is designed to change over time and is not archived.