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APA Style

Webpage on a news website

Author(s). (Year, Month Day). News article title in italics. News Site. URL

Examples:

Shoichet, C. E. (2020, March 12). The 2020 census kicks off across the United States today. It's expected to be the largest in US history. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2020/03/12/us/2020-census-what-you-need-to-know/index.html

In-text citation: (Shoichet, 2020).

Hellman, J., &  Bowden, J. (2020, November 11). US surpasses 10 million COVID-19 infections. The Hill. https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/525073-us-passes-10-million-covid-19-infections

In-text citation: (Hellman & Bowden, 2020, para. 2). 

Webpage on a website with a group author

Organization/Group. (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage in italics. URL

Examples:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, March 28). Measles vaccinations. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/measles/index.html

In-text citation: (Centers for Disease Control, 2019, para. 5). 

World Health Organization. (2020, January). Global vaccine safetyhttps://www.who.int/vaccine_safety/en/ 

In-text citation: (World Health Organization, 2020). 

Reverse Italics

If citing a source that contains a title of a book or show, you put the title in reverse italics - APA manual (p. 335, ex. 68). 

Community Pigeon. (2020, January 22). 16 Born a crime book club questions. Tailored Book Recommendations. https://mytbr.co/16-born-a-crime-book-club-questions/

Webpage on a website with an individual author(s)

Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage in italics. Site Name. URL

Example single author:

Ferriss, S. (2015, August 2). Virginia pursuing school policing reforms following center probe. The Center for Public Integrity. http://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/08/01/17734/virginia-pursuing-school-policing-reforms-following-center-probe

In-text citation: (Ferriss, 2015, para. 7). 

Example multiple authors:

Levine, C., Rebala, P., & Vasilogambros, M. (2020, September 29). National data release sheds light on past polling place changes. The Center for Public Integrity. https://publicintegrity.org/politics/elections/ballotboxbarriers/data-release-sheds-light-on-past-polling-place-changes/

In-text citation: (Levine et al., 2020). 

Webpage on a website with no date

For pages that stay the same over time use the normal format for a webpage or website, use (n.d.) for the date.

Example:

Ferrie, D. (n.d.). A future of EU-UK partnership. European Union Newsroom. https://europa.eu/newsroom/highlights/special-coverage/future-eu-uk-partnership_en

In-text citation: (Ferrie, n.d., para. 7). 


For pages that change over time use the normal format for a webpage or website, use (n.d.) for the date, and also include a retrieval statement with the date you accessed the content. At Lynn, we suggest you include a retrieval date if you are unsure if the content changes over time.

Example:

World Meter. (n.d.). Mexico population. Retrieved June 20, 2020, from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/mexico-population/

In-text citation: (World Meter, n.d.)

Wikipedia Entry

Note: Generally speaking, professors discourage, and often prohibit, Wikipedia sources.

Page name. (Year, Month Day). In Wikipedia. URL

Example:

Amina. (2020, February 7). In Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amina&oldid=941228648

In-text citation: ("Amina," 2020)

*Cite the archived version of the page so that readers can retrieve the version you used. To access the archived version, select "View history" and select the time and date of the version you used. If a wiki does not have an archived version, then use the entry URL and the retrieval date. 

Blog Post

Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Article title. Name of the Blog in Italics. URL

Example:

Lewis, R. (2020, February 13). A fruit fly love story: The making of a mutant 2020. DNA Science Bloghttps://blogs.plos.org/dnascience/2020/02/13/a-fruit-fly-love-story-the-making-of-a-mutant-2020/

In-text citation: (Lewis, 2020).

General Format for Webpages & Websites

 

Author Date Title Website name URL

Author, A.A., & 

Author, B.B.

Name of Group

(2020).

(2020, May). 

(2020, July 14).

(n.d.).

Title of work in italics. Site Name.

https://xxxxxx

Retrieved October 12, 2020, from https://xxxxx

See the APA Style examples for Webpage on a Website References.

In-Text Citations

APA Style In-text Citations Guidelines

It is essential, in scholarly writing, to acknowledge the work of others. Readers need to understand how you are building on, examining, and engaging with the work that has come before you.

Paraphrasing

Page or paragraph numbers are not required for a paraphrase, but you may include one with the author and year. A paraphrase can continue for several sentences; cite the work after the first mention. You do not need to cite it again as long as it is clear in the context of your writing that the same work is continuing to be cited. However, do cite it again if: 

  • paraphrase continues to a new paragraph
  • paraphrase incorporates multiple sources or switches among sources

Principles of Direct Quotation

Provide the author, year, and page number of the quotation in the in-text citation in either the parenthetical or narrative format. 

Examples of how to provide page numbers
Single Page Multiple Pages Without Page Numbers

(Author, Year, page number)

p. 52, p. S52, p. e343

(Author, Year, Pages)

Continuous pages:  pp. 56-57

Discontinuous pages: pp. 34, 64

If there are no page numbers find another way to locate the quote. 

  • Heading or Section Name: 

(​Smith, 2020, Investments section).

If abbreviating the section heading because it is too long, put it in quotes 

(Jones, 2019, "What is the most" Section). 

  • Paragraph number (count manually if not numbered)

(Williams, 2018, para. 3)

  • Heading or section in combination with paragraph number. 

(Brown, 2020, Seizure section, para. 5). 

Learn what to do when you have a source with the same author and dates.

Short Quotations (Fewer than 40 Words)

  • Incorporate it into your own text
  • Enclose in double quotation marks

Block Quotations (40 Words or More)

  • Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation.
  • Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin.
  • Double-space the entire block quotation.
  • Do not add extra space before or after it.
  • If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each subsequent paragraph an additional 0.5 in. See an example in Section 8.27 of the Publication Manual.
  • Either (a) cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation or (b) cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation.
  • Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case.

An example of a blockquote with the in-text citation: 

Education is not properly an industry, and its proper use is not to serve industries, either by job-training or by industry-subsidized research. It’s proper use is to enable citizens to live lives that are economically, politically, socially, and culturally responsible. This cannot be done by gathering or “accessing” what we now call “information” – which is to say facts without context and therefore without priority. A proper education enables young people to put their lives in order, which means knowing what things are more important than other things; it means putting first things first. (Berry, 2002, section XXVI)

The reference page would list this as the source: 

Berry, W. (2002). Thoughts in the presence of fear. Catholic New Times, 26(16), 10–11.